Tabriz rugs are distinguished by their excellent weave and by their remarkable adherence to the classical traditions of Persian rug design. The Golden Age of Tabriz carpets was 12 century. But they cannot be distinguished by any particular pattern or by their coloration.Thecity of Tabriz is in northwest Iran / Persia.
Traditionally, Tabriz has been a city of master weavers. The ateliers in this influential carpet- weaving city established a strong reputation for classicism and quality that is still respected today. Regional carpets feature effortless curvilinear designs, Safavid emblems, allover Herati patterns, spectacular medallions and masterful motifs of all shapes and sizes. A good Tabriz has a short and rough pile. The strings are commonly made of cotton or silk which is used for very fine rugs.
The patterns can consist of a centrally placed medallion surrounded by arabesques, weeping willows and cypresses. Another popular motif is the four seasons which describes the life of the Persian farmer during spring, summer, autumn and winter.
Ancient palaces and ruins are often seen on the carpets. You might occasionally notice on the corners four of the greatest Persian poets: Sadi, Hafez, Ferdowsi and Omar Khayam. There is no traditional color scheme and the variety of color is limitless, ranging from rich jewel tones to subtle pastels. Tabriz rugs are precisely drawn and executed with care making them extremely popular among designers.
The term Raj in connection with the name of Tabriz carpets refers to the number of knots in a 70 mm span range. The denomination 40 Raj refers to carpets with 400-500.000 knots/m2, 50 Raj to carpets with approximately 500-600.000 knots/m2, 60 Raj to carpets with 600-800.000 knots/m2 and 70 Raj to carpets with approximately 800-1.000.000 knots/m2. The last mentioned being extremely rare on today’s market.